Items filtered by date: November 2020

Monday, 23 November 2020 00:00

Factors That Contribute to Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is an overuse injury that causes inflammation of the plantar fascia, a ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot and connects the heel bone to the toes. This condition can cause foot pain, redness, swelling, and warmth. While plantar fasciitis is caused by repetitive overstretching of the plantar fascia and can affect anybody, there are certain risk factors that can make someone more likely to develop this condition. These include having very high arches or flat feet, being female, regularly walking, running, or dancing for exercise, being engaged in activities or occupations that require standing for prolonged periods of time, being between the ages of 40 and 60, wearing high heels, being overweight, having poor foot biomechanics, rapidly changing your activity level, and tightness in the hamstring muscles, calves, or Achilles tendons. For more information about plantar fasciitis, as well as diagnostic and treatment options, please speak with a podiatrist. 

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact Dr. John R. Northrup  from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 16 November 2020 00:00

Achilles Tendon Ruptures

The Achilles tendon is a tough band of tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. An Achilles tendon rupture is an injury in which this tendon tears. This often happens during a sudden, forceful movement of the foot downward against resistance, for example, when an athlete pushes off the foot forcefully to jump. The symptoms of an Achilles tendon rupture is a sudden, sharp snap and intense pain in the back of the leg, an inability to point the foot downward, and difficulty walking. Swelling may also occur. If you suspect that you have ruptured your Achilles tendon, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. John R. Northrup of Superior Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Saturday, 14 November 2020 00:00

It's Time for Beautiful Feet

You don't need an excuse to have beautiful nails. Step outside without worrying about the appearance of your feet.

Monday, 09 November 2020 00:00

Characteristics of Flat Feet

Flat feet is a condition in which the arch in the middle of the sole of the foot is absent, causing the entire sole of the foot to touch the ground when standing. About 30% of the population has flat feet. People with flat feet tend to have heels that point outwards from the ankles and floppier feet due to an excess of movement in the midfoot region. These can lead to various symptoms, such as pain, tenderness, or cramping in the feet or legs, and to the development of other foot conditions, including posterior tibialis tendonitis, tarsal tunnel syndrome, plantar fasciitis, ankle arthritis, overload metatarsalgia, and stress fractures in the bones of the feet. If you have flat feet that are causing you pain or discomfort, it is recommended that you seek the care of a podiatrist. 

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms

  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 04 November 2020 00:00

How Are Foot Warts Treated?

Most plantar warts, warts that develop on the bottom of the foot, go away after months or years on their own. However, as these warts can cause pain and discomfort, and because they are contagious and can spread easily, a doctor may recommend or prescribe various treatments and at home care techniques to help you find relief. To treat a foot wart, your doctor may prescribe a topical medication, which you must use exactly as prescribed for best results. You may also take an over-the-counter pain medication to reduce pain from the wart. Wearing comfortable shoes and socks, and padding the wart by wearing a doughnut-shaped felt or moleskin bandage, may also help relieve pain by reducing pressure placed on the wart. For the best treatment options, consult with a podiatrist today. 

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 04 November 2020 00:00

What Causes Athlete's Foot?

The condition that is known as athlete’s foot can cause mild to severe irritation on the bottom of the feet or between the toes. It is caused by a fungus and is considered to be contagious. The type of fungi that can lead to athlete’s foot lives and thrives in warm and moist environments, such as public swimming pools. Additionally, the fungus may be found on shower room floors, in locker rooms, and in surrounding areas. An effective prevention technique can consist of wearing appropriate shoes while in these types of areas, and it can help to avoid sharing towels, socks, and shoes. Some of the symptoms that are associated with athlete’s foot include itchiness on various parts of the foot, and the skin may become dry and flaky. In severe cases, blisters may develop, and the foot may emit an odor. Athlete's foot is best treated by a podiatrist.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is often an uncomfortable condition to experience. Thankfully, podiatrists specialize in treating athlete’s foot and offer the best treatment options. If you have any questions about athlete’s foot, consult with Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment.

What Is Athlete’s Foot?

Tinea pedis, more commonly known as athlete’s foot, is a non-serious and common fungal infection of the foot. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has it or infected surfaces. The most common places contaminated by it are public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. Once contracted, it grows on feet that are left inside moist, dark, and warm shoes and socks.

Prevention

The most effective ways to prevent athlete’s foot include:

  • Thoroughly washing and drying feet
  • Avoid going barefoot in locker rooms and public showers
  • Using shower shoes in public showers
  • Wearing socks that allow the feet to breathe
  • Changing socks and shoes frequently if you sweat a lot

Symptoms

Athlete’s foot initially occurs as a rash between the toes. However, if left undiagnosed, it can spread to the sides and bottom of the feet, toenails, and if touched by hand, the hands themselves. Symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Scaly and peeling skin

Diagnosis and Treatment

Diagnosis is quick and easy. Skin samples will be taken and either viewed under a microscope or sent to a lab for testing. Sometimes, a podiatrist can diagnose it based on simply looking at it. Once confirmed, treatment options include oral and topical antifungal medications.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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