Items filtered by date: December 2020

Monday, 28 December 2020 00:00

What Is a Tailor’s Bunion?

A Tailor’s bunion, sometimes called a bunionette, is similar to a regular bunion. However, a Tailor’s bunion forms on the 5th metatarsophalangeal joint (or the “pinky toe”) instead of the big toe. Tailor’s bunions are most commonly caused by poorly fitting footwear, as well as structural foot problems. They appear as a swollen and hard bump on the outside of the foot next to the big toe, and they generally form over a long period of time and may not become painful for a while. Treatment options that a podiatrist may suggest include surgically removing the bunion, a corticosteroid injection to reduce swelling, and padding or orthotics to reduce pain. If you are dealing with pain that may be a Tailor’s bunion, be sure to consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Dr. John R. Northrup of Superior Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What Are Bunions?
Monday, 21 December 2020 00:00

Stress Fractures in the Feet

Stress fractures are small cracks that occur in the bones, typically due to repetitive overuse or injury. The small bones of the feet are often affected. Symptoms of a stress fracture in the foot include pain that worsens with activity and lessens when at rest, tenderness, and bruising around the site of the fracture. Stress fractures usually don’t cause obvious swelling, but some mild swelling may occur at the top of the foot or on the outside of the ankle. A stress fracture can be diagnosed through physical examination. Sometimes, imaging studies may be required. An X-ray will often not pick up on the fracture because it’s so small, so the doctor may request a bone scan or an MRI instead. If you believe that you may have a stress fracture in your foot, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist. 

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Monday, 14 December 2020 00:00

Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Ingrown toenails are a potentially painful condition in which the corner of a toenail, typically the nail on the big toe, grows into the surrounding skin instead of over it. This can cause pain, swelling, and redness. In more severe cases, the area may become infected. Risk factors for developing ingrown toenails include repetitive injury to the toe or nail, wearing shoes that are too tight and restrictive, and improperly trimming the toenails. To reduce the risk of getting an ingrown toenail, it is important to trim the toenails straight across using toenail clippers. The corners of the nail should not be rounded off, and the edge of the nail should still be long enough to hang past the point where your toenail attaches to the toe. If you are prone to developing ingrown toenails, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist, who can treat this condition and help you prevent ingrown toenails in the future.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. John R. Northrup of Superior Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails
Monday, 07 December 2020 00:00

What Are the Symptoms of Acute Gout?

An acute gout attack can occur when uric acid builds up in the synovial fluid around the joints, forming crystals that cause the joint to swell and become inflamed. Gout attacks can be very painful, and typically affect only one or a few joints at a time. The joints most frequently affected are those of the big toe, ankle, or knee. Pain tends to have a sudden onset, often at night, and can be severe. The affected joint may be warm, red, tender, and swollen. Sometimes, acute gout is accompanied by a fever. The attack may subside after a few days, but may then occasionally return. If you are experiencing the symptoms of gout in the joints of your feet and ankles, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist.  

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. John R. Northrup from Superior Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in St. Augustine, Palm Coast, and Palatka, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout

Connect With Us

Request Appointment Patient Portal